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A Guide to Starting a Career in Information Security

Updated: Nov 26, 2023

Are you interested in pursuing a career in information security? If so, you're in the right place! Information security is a constantly growing field that offers a variety of opportunities for those with the right skills and knowledge. In this blog post, we'll give you a guide to starting a career in information security, including the necessary education, certifications, and skills you'll need to succeed.


A degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field is typically required for a career in information security. However, many employers also consider candidates with degrees in other fields as long as they have relevant work experience or certifications.


Certifications are important for demonstrating your knowledge and skills in information security. Some of the most popular certifications include:

  • CompTIA Security+ is a popular and widely recognized certification in the field of information security. It is an entry-level certification that validates the foundational knowledge and skills required to perform core security functions and pursue a career in cybersecurity. The certification covers various topics, including network security, cryptography, identity management, threat management, and risk management. CompTIA Security+ is vendor-neutral, which means it is not tied to any specific technology or product and is recognized across industries.

  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) is a globally recognized certification that validates expertise in designing, implementing, and managing a best-in-class cybersecurity program. It covers topics such as security and risk management, asset security, security engineering, communications and network security, identity and access management, security assessment and testing, security operations, and software development security.

  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) is a certification that validates expertise in identifying vulnerabilities in computer systems and using the same tools and techniques that a malicious attacker would use to exploit those vulnerabilities. The CEH exam covers topics such as foot-printing and reconnaissance, scanning networks, enumeration, system hacking, trojans and backdoors, viruses and worms, sniffing, social engineering, denial-of-service, session hijacking, and web server hacking.

  • Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) is a certification that validates expertise in information security management. It covers topics such as information security governance, risk management, information security program development and management, information security incident management, and information security metrics and measurement.

  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) is a certification that validates expertise in auditing, monitoring, and assessing information systems and their related infrastructure. It covers topics such as auditing information systems, governance and management of IT, information systems acquisition, development and implementation, information systems operations, maintenance and service management, and protection of information assets.

  • OSCP (Offensive Security Certified Professional) is a highly respected and challenging certification in the field of information security. It is offered by Offensive Security, a leading provider of information security training and certification. The OSCP certification is focused on offensive security techniques, such as penetration testing and ethical hacking. The certification exam is a grueling 24-hour hands-on test of your knowledge and skills in penetration testing, which includes exploiting a number of targets on a network.

In addition to information security certifications, there are also certifications specific to privacy that can be valuable for those pursuing a career in information security. Some popular privacy certifications include:

  • Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP) certification is designed for professionals who are responsible for ensuring the privacy of personal information. The certification covers the laws and regulations related to privacy, including GDPR, CCPA, HIPAA, and other similar regulations. It is offered by the International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP).

  • Certified Information Privacy Manager (CIPM) certification is designed for professionals who manage privacy programs within organizations. It covers topics such as privacy program governance, privacy policies and procedures, data inventory and mapping, and privacy impact assessments. It is also offered by IAPP.

  • Certified Information Privacy Technologist (CIPT) certification is designed for professionals who implement and manage privacy technologies within organizations. It covers topics such as data encryption, data masking, and data loss prevention. It is also offered by IAPP.


To be successful in information security, you'll need a combination of technical and soft skills. Some of the most important technical skills include:

  • Network security: Understanding how networks function and how to secure them from unauthorized access, attacks, and data breaches. This includes knowledge of firewalls, intrusion detection systems, virtual private networks (VPNs), and other network security technologies.

  • Application security: Understanding how to secure applications, including web applications and mobile apps, from vulnerabilities and attacks. This includes knowledge of secure coding practices, web application firewalls, and penetration testing for applications.

  • Incident response: Knowing how to respond to security incidents, including how to investigate, contain, and recover from security breaches. This includes knowledge of incident response frameworks, such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework, and familiarity with security information and event management (SIEM) systems.

  • Penetration testing: Knowing how to test systems, networks, and applications for vulnerabilities and weaknesses in order to identify potential security risks. This includes knowledge of ethical hacking techniques and tools, such as Kali Linux and Metasploit.

  • Vulnerability assessments: Knowing how to assess and identify vulnerabilities and risks in systems, networks, and applications. This includes knowledge of vulnerability scanning tools, such as Nessus and Qualys, and familiarity with vulnerability databases, such as the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) database.

  • Cryptography: Understanding the principles of encryption, decryption, and digital signatures, as well as how to implement cryptographic protocols and technologies to secure data.

  • Cloud security: Understanding how to secure cloud-based services and infrastructure, including knowledge of cloud security models, such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS).

  • Compliance and regulatory frameworks: Understanding how to comply with various security and privacy regulations, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

While technical skills are important in information security, soft skills play a crucial role in the success of information security professionals. Here are some of the soft skills that are particularly important:

  • Communication skills: Information security professionals need to be able to communicate technical information to both technical and non-technical stakeholders. This includes being able to explain technical concepts in a way that is easy to understand and being able to translate technical risks and vulnerabilities into business terms that executives can understand.

  • Problem-solving abilities: Information security professionals need to be able to analyze complex problems and come up with creative solutions to mitigate security risks. This requires a combination of analytical thinking and creativity.

  • Analytical thinking: Information security professionals need to be able to analyze data and identify patterns and trends that may indicate potential security risks. This requires strong analytical thinking skills.

  • Attention to detail: Information security professionals need to be detail-oriented, as even a small mistake can have serious security implications. This includes being able to identify potential vulnerabilities and ensure that security controls are implemented correctly.

  • Adaptability and flexibility: Information security is a constantly evolving field, and professionals need to be able to adapt to new threats and technologies. This requires being open to learning and being able to pivot quickly in response to changing circumstances.

Overall, these soft skills are critical for information security professionals to be able to effectively communicate with stakeholders, analyze complex problems, and stay up-to-date with the latest threats and technologies.

Internships and Entry-Level Jobs

Internships and entry-level jobs are a great way to gain practical experience in information security. Many organizations offer internship programs that provide on-the-job training and exposure to different areas of information security. Entry-level positions may include security analyst, security consultant, or security engineer.

Continuing Education and Professional Development

Information security is a constantly evolving field, so it's important to continue your education and stay up-to-date on the latest trends and technologies. Continuing education and professional development can include attending industry conferences, taking additional certification exams, or pursuing a higher degree.


Starting a career in information security can be both challenging and rewarding. With the right education, certifications, and skills, you can become a valuable asset to any organization that values the security of their sensitive information. By following the tips outlined in this guide, you'll be on your way to a successful career in information security.


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